Databank

Workreport 1997-14

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Name:

Eurajoen aluekuvaus

Writer:

Taina Ollikainen; Anni Rimpiläinen

Language:

Finnish

Page count:

36

Summary:

Working report: EURAJOKI SPATIAL DESCRIPTION

ABSTRACT

The Eurajoki spatial description views the present state and development of the
settlement structure. The study area is Olkiluoto, situated in the western part of the
Eurajoki municipality. There is a nuclear power plant owned by Teollisuuden Voima Oy
on the island of Olkiluoto. The spatial description is part of the environmental impact
assessment programme of the project for the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel and
primarily contains information for the assessment of social impact. The information in
the spatial description has been compiled from existing research, statistics, maps and
other sources.

Eurajoki has more than 6000 inhabitants. The population of Eurajoki decreased in the
1960s, but has since increased. The increase is mostly due to net migration, which
Eurajoki has had in the middle of the 1970s and in the end of the 1980s. The migration
especially between Rauma and Eurajoki has been particularily dramatic. On the regional
level, Rauma is a migration centre, through which (owing to the suburbanisation
development) people have moved to neighbouring municipalities, especially Eurajoki. The
population of Eurajoki has been forecasted to decline at the beginning of the 2000s.

The employment situation has developed in Eurajoki as in the country on average. The
employment situation worsened dramatically in the beginning of the 1990s as the
number of jobs decreased. The decrease in jobs has been slower in Eurajoki than in its
neighbouring municipalities e.g. Rauma. The commuting traffic between Rauma and
Eurajoki is very busy, plenty of people from Eurajoki work in Rauma and vice versa.
Nearly a fourth of the people working in Eurajoki are from Rauma. In 1994 there were
1807 jobs in Eurajoki.

Refined industries and services are prominent in the economic structure of Eurajoki. The
greatest employer in the municipality is the Olkiluoto Power Plant. Altogether over 700
people work daily in the power plant area, of which under 500 in the actual power plant
itself. Agriculture and forestry also play a part as employers, although the number of
livelihoods in that sector has decreased. The main production sector in agriculture in
Eurajoki as in all of the Satakunta region is grain.

The Olkiluoto research area is on the Olkiluoto Island on the Gulf of Bothnia. To the west
and north of the island lies the sea, to the south there are islands and in the east mainly
land dominated by agriculture and forestry. The closest densely populated areas are
Rauma some 10 kilometres south of Olkiluoto and the Eurajoki town and Lapijoki some
10 kilometres east of Olkiluoto. The nearest inhabitations are on the eastern side of the
Olkiluoto Island, which is where the closest leisure time inhabitations are as well.
Olkiluoto has a building plan and three ratified shore plans in the eastern part of the
island. The nearest valuable nature site is the Liiklankari ancient forest area; part of the
national old forests conservation programme and the Rauma archipelago Nature 2000
area. The archipelago around Olkiluoto also has plenty of other conservation sites.

Key words: region development, population, jobs, services, land use, environmental
impact assessment, social impact assessment
EURAJOKI SPATIAL DESCRIPTION

ABSTRACT

The Eurajoki spatial description views the present state and development of the
settlement structure. The study area is Olkiluoto, situated in the western part of the
Eurajoki municipality. There is a nuclear power plant owned by Teollisuuden Voima Oy
on the island of Olkiluoto. The spatial description is part of the environmental impact
assessment programme of the project for the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel and
primarily contains information for the assessment of social impact. The information in
the spatial description has been compiled from existing research, statistics, maps and
other sources.

Eurajoki has more than 6000 inhabitants. The population of Eurajoki decreased in the
1960s, but has since increased. The increase is mostly due to net migration, which
Eurajoki has had in the middle of the 1970s and in the end of the 1980s. The migration
especially between Rauma and Eurajoki has been particularily dramatic. On the regional
level, Rauma is a migration centre, through which (owing to the suburbanisation
development) people have moved to neighbouring municipalities, especially Eurajoki. The
population of Eurajoki has been forecasted to decline at the beginning of the 2000s.

The employment situation has developed in Eurajoki as in the country on average. The
employment situation worsened dramatically in the beginning of the 1990s as the
number of jobs decreased. The decrease in jobs has been slower in Eurajoki than in its
neighbouring municipalities e.g. Rauma. The commuting traffic between Rauma and
Eurajoki is very busy, plenty of people from Eurajoki work in Rauma and vice versa.
Nearly a fourth of the people working in Eurajoki are from Rauma. In 1994 there were
1807 jobs in Eurajoki.

Refined industries and services are prominent in the economic structure of Eurajoki. The
greatest employer in the municipality is the Olkiluoto Power Plant. Altogether over 700
people work daily in the power plant area, of which under 500 in the actual power plant
itself. Agriculture and forestry also play a part as employers, although the number of
livelihoods in that sector has decreased. The main production sector in agriculture in
Eurajoki as in all of the Satakunta region is grain.

The Olkiluoto research area is on the Olkiluoto Island on the Gulf of Bothnia. To the west
and north of the island lies the sea, to the south there are islands and in the east mainly
land dominated by agriculture and forestry. The closest densely populated areas are
Rauma some 10 kilometres south of Olkiluoto and the Eurajoki town and Lapijoki some
10 kilometres east of Olkiluoto. The nearest inhabitations are on the eastern side of the
Olkiluoto Island, which is where the closest leisure time inhabitations are as well.
Olkiluoto has a building plan and three ratified shore plans in the eastern part of the
island. The nearest valuable nature site is the Liiklankari ancient forest area; part of the
national old forests conservation programme and the Rauma archipelago Nature 2000
area. The archipelago around Olkiluoto also has plenty of other conservation sites.

Key words: region development, population, jobs, services, land use, environmental
impact assessment, social impact assessment

Keywords:

aluekehitys; väestö; työpaikat; palvelut; maankäyttö; ympäristövaikutusten arviointi; sosiaalisten vaikutusten arviointi

File(s):

Eurajoen aluekuvaus (pdf) (2.1 MB)


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