Databank

Workreport 1997-59

Back

Name:

Käytetyn ydinpolttoaineen loppusijoituksen sosiaalinen ulottuvuus. Väliraportti

Writer:

Tytti Viinikainen

Language:

Finnish

Page count:

45

Summary:

Working report: THE SOCIAL DIMENSION OF THE FINAL DISPOSAL OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL
Interim report

Working Report 97-59, Tytti Viinikainen, University of Technology, 44 pages, in Finnish

ABSTRACT


In the Social Impact Assessment (SIA) of the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel the project's
impacts will be investigated in four alternative municipalities (Eurajoki, Kuhmo, Loviisa,
Äänekoski). This interim report contains a preliminary summary of the SIA-work done by the
Center for Urban and Regional Studies. The report is based on previous research on the field, on
empirical material concerning the project and on the 49 interviews made in the four municipalities.

The social character of the nuclear waste disposal can be described in four dimensions: people's
anxieties on health and safety matters, conflicts over procedural matters in the planning and
desicion process, the economic impacts of the project and, finally, changes in the local physical
environment. These four factors can have positive or negative effects on the well-being, living
conditions and amenity of the inhabitants.

The safety aspects concerning radiation and radioactivity can cause anxieties and worries among
the inhabitants. An individual's conception of the risks of technological projects, such as the final
disposal of nuclear waste, depends on several factors: firstly, on his knowledge base, values and
moral conceptions, secondly, on the risk conceptions shared in the surrounding society and culture,
and thirdly, on the nature of the specific risk in question. The anxieties can affect inhabitants' well-
being, the character of the region as a place of residence, and also the public image of the
municipality. The conflicts concerning the planning and decision procedure can have social impacts
as well.

The economic impacts of the final disposal in each municipality consist of the tax revenue, new job
opportunities, as well as the purchases and the demand on local services. It is through these factors
that the project can affect the employment situation, commercial and industrial life and
entrepreneurship, the supply of services and also the economic well-being of the inhabitants. On the
other hand, the possible negative images related to the nuclear waste disposal region can have
negative economic effects. The direct changes in the nearby environment caused by the building
and the use of the waste disposal plant can affect inhabitants' everyday living and transportation.

The four alternative municipalities differ from each other when concerning inhabitants' views and
opinions on the social impacts of the project. These views are affected by the familiarity of nuclear
technology in the region, the employment situation and the general economic and demografic
development of the municipality. In addition, factors in connection with the municipality's regional
position, and finally, the compatibility of the nuclear waste disposal with the local culture, with the
character of the region and with it's production base, have an effect on the opinions.


Key words: social impact assessment, assessment schedule, well-being, locality, risk conceptions

THE SOCIAL DIMENSION OF THE FINAL DISPOSAL OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL
Interim report

Working Report 97-59, Tytti Viinikainen, University of Technology, 44 pages, in Finnish

ABSTRACT


In the Social Impact Assessment (SIA) of the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel the project's
impacts will be investigated in four alternative municipalities (Eurajoki, Kuhmo, Loviisa,
Äänekoski). This interim report contains a preliminary summary of the SIA-work done by the
Center for Urban and Regional Studies. The report is based on previous research on the field, on
empirical material concerning the project and on the 49 interviews made in the four municipalities.

The social character of the nuclear waste disposal can be described in four dimensions: people's
anxieties on health and safety matters, conflicts over procedural matters in the planning and
desicion process, the economic impacts of the project and, finally, changes in the local physical
environment. These four factors can have positive or negative effects on the well-being, living
conditions and amenity of the inhabitants.

The safety aspects concerning radiation and radioactivity can cause anxieties and worries among
the inhabitants. An individual's conception of the risks of technological projects, such as the final
disposal of nuclear waste, depends on several factors: firstly, on his knowledge base, values and
moral conceptions, secondly, on the risk conceptions shared in the surrounding society and culture,
and thirdly, on the nature of the specific risk in question. The anxieties can affect inhabitants' well-
being, the character of the region as a place of residence, and also the public image of the
municipality. The conflicts concerning the planning and decision procedure can have social impacts
as well.

The economic impacts of the final disposal in each municipality consist of the tax revenue, new job
opportunities, as well as the purchases and the demand on local services. It is through these factors
that the project can affect the employment situation, commercial and industrial life and
entrepreneurship, the supply of services and also the economic well-being of the inhabitants. On the
other hand, the possible negative images related to the nuclear waste disposal region can have
negative economic effects. The direct changes in the nearby environment caused by the building
and the use of the waste disposal plant can affect inhabitants' everyday living and transportation.

The four alternative municipalities differ from each other when concerning inhabitants' views and
opinions on the social impacts of the project. These views are affected by the familiarity of nuclear
technology in the region, the employment situation and the general economic and demografic
development of the municipality. In addition, factors in connection with the municipality's regional
position, and finally, the compatibility of the nuclear waste disposal with the local culture, with the
character of the region and with it's production base, have an effect on the opinions.


Key words: social impact assessment, assessment schedule, well-being, locality, risk conceptions

Keywords:

sosiaalisten vaikutusten arviointi; arviointiohjelma; hyvinvointi; paikallisuus; riskikäsitykset

File(s):

Käytetyn ydinpolttoaineen loppusijoituksen sosiaalinen ulottuvuus. Väliraportti (pdf) (739.5 KB)


Back


Share article:
This website stores cookies on your computer. These cookies are used to improve our website and provide more personalised services to you.
Close

Cookies

To make this site work properly, we sometimes place small data files called cookies on your device. Most big websites do this too.

1. What are cookies?

A cookie is a small text file that a website saves on your computer or mobile device when you visit the site. It enables the website to remember your actions and preferences (such as login, language, font size and other display preferences) over a period of time, so you don’t have to keep re-entering them whenever you come back to the site or browse from one page to another.

2. How do we use cookies?

A number of our pages use cookies to remember your actions and preferences (such as login, language, font size and other display preferences.)

Also, some videos embedded in our pages use a cookie to anonymously gather statistics on how you got there and what videos you visited.

Enabling these cookies is not strictly necessary for the website to work but it will provide you with a better browsing experience. You can delete or block these cookies, but if you do that some features of this site may not work as intended.

The cookie-related information is not used to identify you personally and the pattern data is fully under our control. These cookies are not used for any purpose other than those described here.

3. How to control cookies

You can control and/or delete cookies as you wish – for details, see aboutcookies.org. You can delete all cookies that are already on your computer and you can set most browsers to prevent them from being placed. If you do this, however, you may have to manually adjust some preferences every time you visit a site and some services and functionalities may not work.

Close