SKB submits a construction permit application for a final disposal facility
SKB submitted a construction permit application for a final disposal facility for spent nuclear fuel to the Swedish authorities on 16 March 2011. The final disposal plant has been applied for for two locations with an intention to build an encapsulation facility in Oskarshamn and the underground repository in Östhammar. It is expected that the permit application will be processed so that construction may be launched in 2015 and final disposal in 2025.
All of Sweden's spent nuclear fuel is stored in the centralised CLAB interim storage located in the nuclear power plant site of Oskarshamn, the proposed location of the encapsulation facility. The final disposal of the fuel is intended to take place in the neighbourhood of the Forsmark nuclear plants in Östhammar, where the encapsulated fuel will be transported by ship.
In Sweden, the processing of a permit application for a final disposal facility is governed by two acts: the Nuclear Activities Act and the Environmental Code, according to which the application was submitted to the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (corresponds with the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority) and the Environmental Court for assessment. The processing according to the Nuclear Activities Act focuses on the final disposal plant's operating principles, nuclear safety and long-term safety aspects, whereas the processing according to the Environmental Code mainly focuses on the environmental impact during the construction and operation of the final disposal plant.
The application is based on 30 years of research and development on the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel in metal canisters deep in the bedrock (the KBS-3 method). Posiva has adopted the same final disposal solution and cooperates closely with SKB in various areas of final disposal technology.